Carpeting is a classic and historically preferred flooring choice. Prior to documented history, animal hides and furs were used as the very first “carpets.” As years went by, the use of woven material increased.
Evidence of “rug” floor coverings woven and spun from sheep’s wool dates back as far as 6000 B.C. An ancient Egyptian fresco from approximately 1480 B.C. depicts a handloom for weaving.
The earliest knotted rug, the Pazyryk carpet which was woven around 464 B.C., was discovered in Outer Mongolia in the 60’s. As early as 8th century B.C., well-off families often decorated their homes with rugs of historic significance.
With the Industrial Revolution, carpet manufacturing began to employ methods of carpet weaving using readily available natural fibers followed by synthetic materials. Dyeing methods advanced to meet the increasing demand for diverse materials, colors and designs.
This led to the wide variety of carpeting choices we have today. With such a variety of carpet material now available, making a wise choice for your home’s aesthetic, climate, etc. requires some thought.
What Are The Benefits Of Carpet Flooring?
There are obviously great benefits to carpet as evidenced by the rich and long history of creating rugs, carpets and similar floor coverings. Let’s talk about some of them:
- Styles can be luxurious and elegant or more low-key, and comfy. The right carpet can give a space a completely different texture and aesthetic. You might want a short-pile, carpet for a formal room or a long frieze for a casual area.
- Without a doubt, comfort & warmth is what made carpet as popular as it has been throughout all of history. Hard surfaces do not absorb shock and your body will feel achy or sore after long periods walking on inflexible surfaces. Carpet provides excellent insulation, reducing heat loss and making it warm and cozy on the toes.
- Carpet is quiet and will absorb noise the same way it does shocks.
- Hard surfaces can be slippery, and they are, well, hard. It hurts to fall on them and they’re not much fun to land on when slips and falls do happen. Carefully chosen carpet increases safety by preventing slips and falls.
Summary: Carpet flooring has many benefits including warmth, comfort, safety and style.
What Are The Types Of Carpet Flooring?
Many factors like carpet density, color, style, pattern, pile and more will go into your decision for your perfect carpeting. Here is a rundown of the types of carpet that are out there:
- Nylon is the most prevalent carpeting material and is used in about 75% of all manufactured carpeting. Why? Because it is versatile and easy to care for. Nylon carpet is very soft and cozy but also sturdy, and impervious to stains. The extremely buoyant fibers can be invigorated by steam-cleaning to bring back their original beauty.
- Polyester carpet fiber holds vibrant colors and is quite fade-resistant and are non-allergenic. It is often made from recycled plastic bottles! People who are interested in being eco-friendly like this option for that reason. Its main disadvantage is that it is disposed to flattening under heavy weight, making it not-so-great for areas that a re high-traffic.
- Polypropylene is almost as soft as nylon but not as resilient and is highly stain-resistant but is prone to holding onto oils which accumulate grime. It is commonly used in carpets that are loop-style – such as Berber – which we will talk about more in a bit.
- Wool carpeting is a long-lasting material and, hands down, the softest carpet. However, low-grade wool is disposed to discoloration and high-grade wool is expensive. For this reason, some manufacturers combine wool with synthetics to get the best of all worlds.
- Uncut carpet pile is sometimes called “loop pile” or “Berber pile.” It is uncut carpet pile that leaves the entire yarn loop intact on the surface of the piece. They are very hard-wearing, easy to clean, and resistant to stains, and don’t show dents caused by footprints or vacuums. For this reason, they are perfect for high-traffic areas – including commercial spaces. The key disadvantage of an uncut pile is that it is less soft and padded than cut-pile carpet.
- Cut pile is soft, inviting and easy to clean and can be made unique by altering the angle of the shearing that cuts the loop, or by means of different treatments on the fiber before and after it is interweaved into the backing. But it is easier to see foot marks and vacuum trails and is not as durable as uncut carpet pile.
- Saxony pile is made of individual strands standing upright to create a plush surface. The downside to this style is that strands are easily crumpled down by feet and susceptible to wear-and-tear and staining. Saxony is not suitable for high-traffic areas.
- Frieze cut pile consists of individual strands tightly curled erratically across the surface of the flooring. The style is very durable and hides dirt and stains well.
- Plush carpet pile is also sometimes called “velvet cut pile.” The fibers are short and densely-packed that create a luxurious carpeting. Regrettably, this flooring style is prone to scuffing and showing footprints.
Summary: There are a wide variety of styles, types and choices when shopping for carpet and the right choice for you depends on may factors.
What Carpet Flooring Is Best For My Home?
Saxony is the carpet style most of us imagine when we think of carpeting. It is available in many different looks and can fit into any décor. Straight saxonies show footprints across the surface and are not an ideal choice for busy households. However, textured saxonies are versatile and intended to minimize the presence of footprints and vacuum marks. They work much better in high-traffic areas.
Berber is a looped style of carpet that can work well throughout the home – as well as in commercial settings. There are both solid-color Berber styles and multi-colored styles. They create a relaxed aesthetic and therefore don’t work very well for formal areas or luxury homes.
Frieze carpets are sometimes termed California shags and have a very laid-back feel. These types of carpets have a charming “messiness” to them that makes them ideal for cozy, casual spaces.
The aptly named cut and loop carpet is very trendy now and, as one can ascertain, is a mixture of cut and looped fibers. This creates a pattern in the carpet. They are ideal for people who want designs and textures, like pin dot styles, linear patterns, or geometric designs. It looks nice in industrial or modern homes.
Summary: From Berber to frieze, there are many great options for carpet flooring and choosing the right one for your home will depend on your style, budget and possibly even the local climate.
Simplify Your Carpet Flooring Decisions!
There is a lot to consider when choosing carpeting but – one thing is for sure – it has been a popular flooring choice for millennia for a reason. This article goes over just a few of the many choices that you have, and we would love to help you make your final decision. Contact or call us today: (586-200-0610)and be sure to follow us on Facebook for updates and more information about flooring.